The Nobel Prize in Physics 2021

Why in NEWS

Scientists from Japan, Germany, and Italy have been awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics. Goran Hansson, secretary-general of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, announced the winners on October 5.

About the Prize

The prize includes a gold medal and a cash prize of 10 million Swedish kronor (about $1.14 million). The award money originates from a legacy left by Alfred Nobel, the prize's founder, who died in 1895.

For their work in "physical modeling of Earth's climate, measuring variability, and accurately projecting global warming," Syukuro Manabe (90) and Klaus Hasselmann (89) were recognized. Giorgio Parisi (73) received the second part of the prize for "discovering the interaction of disorder and fluctuations in physical systems from atomic to planetary dimensions."

Mr. Manabe and Mr. Hasselmann, according to the panel, "established the cornerstone of our knowledge of the Earth's climate and how humanity affects it."

Their Contribution 

Mr. Manabe illustrated how increases in the quantity of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere would raise global temperatures beginning in the 1960s, providing the groundwork for today's climate models. 

Mr. Hasselmann developed a model that connected weather and climate a decade later, which helped to explain why climate models can be accurate despite the weather's seeming chaos.

Mr. Parisi "created a profound physical and mathematical model" that allowed complicated processes in disciplines as diverse as mathematics, biology, neurology, and machine learning to be better understood.

Background of the Nobel Prize

  • The Nobel Prize is a renowned honor given to “those who, during the preceding year, have bestowed the greatest benefit to humanity” in six distinct disciplines. 
  • The prize was originally given out in the disciplines of physics, chemistry, physiology or medicine, literature, and peace. “To the individual who has done the most or best to foster fellowship among nations, the elimination or reduction of standing armies, and the formation and promotion of peace congresses,” the Peace Prize as described. 
  • In 1968, a sixth award in the subject of economic sciences was introduced.
When and how did the Nobel Prize come into being?
  • Alfred Nobel, a Swedish physicist, left most of his money to prizes in physics, chemistry, physiology or medicine, literature, and peace when he wrote his last will and testament on November 27, 1895.
  • Nobel is well known for creating dynamite. He was a Swedish scientist, engineer, and businessman. On October 21, 1833, he was born in Stockholm, Sweden. 
  • He was a multilingual man with a passion for poetry and theatre. He was believed to be extremely engaged in peace problems and to hold opinions that were considered unconventional at the time. 
  • In 1896, he passed away. He left the majority of his assets to establish five awards, which subsequently became Nobel Prizes, in his will.
  • On December 10, 1901, the first Nobel Prize was awarded.

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