Global Hunger Index Report 2021 and India Position Explained.

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India is placed 101st out of 116 countries in the 2021 Global Hunger Index (GHI). According to the 2 Global Hunger Index Report (GHI -2021), which was released on October 14, 2021, India, with a score of 27.5, is experiencing severe hunger.

What exactly is the Global Hunger Index (GHI)?

  1. The Global Hunger Index (GHI) is a method for measuring and tracking hunger at the global, regional, and country levels. 
  2. The GHI is intended to improve awareness and knowledge of the fight against hunKger, to give a means of comparing hunger levels across countries and regions, and to draw attention to the parts of the globe that require the most additional resources to eliminate hunger.

How is Global Hunger Index Calculated?

GHI scores are calculated in three steps, drawing on data from diverse sources to highlight the multidimensional nature of hunger; First, values for four indicators are assigned to each country:

  • UNDERNOURISHMENT: the proportion of the population that is malnourished (i.e., whose caloric intake is insufficient);
  • CHILD WASTING: the proportion of children under the age of five that are wasted (have a low weight for their height, indicating acute malnutrition);
  • CHILD STUNTING: the proportion of children under the age of five who are stunted (that is, have short stature for their age, indicating chronic malnutrition); 
  • MORTALITY IN CHILDREN UNDER THE AGE OF FIVE: the mortality rate of children under the age of five (in part, a reflection of the fatal mix of inadequate nutrition and unhealthy environments).

Key Highlights of Global Hunger Index 2021

  • According to the report, the share of wasting among children in India increased from 17.1% between 1998 and 2002 to 17.3% between 2016 and 2020.
  • People have been severely impacted by COVID-19 and pandemic-related restrictions in India, the country with the highest child wasting rate worldwide," the report said.
  • Neighboring nations such as Nepal (76), Bangladesh (76), Myanmar (71) and Pakistan (92), who are nonetheless feeding their citizens better than India, are also in the 'alarming' hunger category.
  • According to the analysis, the globe as a whole — and 47 countries in particular — will fail to attain even a low level of hunger by 2030, based on current GHI forecasts.
  • According to the Report, food security is under attack on numerous fronts, with growing war, weather extremes connected with global climate change, and economic and health issues associated with Covid-19 all contributing to hunger.

Has India done any Progress ON the Global Hunger Index?

  • India has achieved significant improvement since 2000, yet there are still areas of worry, particularly in the area of child nutrition. India's GHI score has dropped from 38.8 points in 2000, which was regarded alarming, to 27.5 points in 2021, which is considered dangerous. 
  • The proportion of people who are undernourished in the population, as well as the mortality rate among children under the age of five, are now at historically low levels.
  •  While child stunting has decreased significantly from 54.2 percent in 1998–1999 to 34.7 percent in 2016–2018, it remains a significant problem.
  • According to the most recent data, India has the highest child wasting rate of any of the GHI countries, at 17.3 percent. This percentage is slightly higher than the 17.1 percent recorded in 1998–1999.

In the Global Hunger Index (GHI) 2021, India slipped from 94th place in 2020 to 101st place among 116 countries, behind Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Nepal. The GHI website, which tracks hunger and malnutrition across countries, said on Thursday that 18 countries, including China, Kuwait, and Brazil, shared the top spot with GHI scores of fewer than five.

Only 15 countries performed worse than India this year: 

  • Papua New Guinea (102), 
  • Afghanistan (103), 
  • Nigeria (103), 
  • Congo (105), 
  • Mozambique (106), 
  • Sierra Leone (106), 
  • Timor-Leste (108), 
  • Haiti (109), 
  • Liberia (110), 
  • Madagascar (111), 
  • Democratic Republic of Congo (112), 
  • Chad (113), 
  • Central African Republic (114), 
  • Yemen (115), 
  • Somalia (116).

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