Thursday, August 19, 2021

Member of the United Nation

 

List of Member States

This table provides information about the member countries of the United Nations, including the date of admission

CountryJoined UN1
Afghanistan1946
Albania1955
Algeria1962
Andorra1993
Angola1976
Antigua and Barbuda1981
Argentina1945
Armenia1992
Australia1945
Austria1955
Azerbaijan1992
Bahamas1973
Bahrain1971
Bangladesh1974
Barbados1966
Belarus1945
Belgium1945
Belize1981
Benin1960
Bhutan1971
Bolivia1945
Bosnia and Herzegovina1992
Botswana1966
Brazil1945
Brunei1984
Bulgaria1955
Burkina Faso1960
Burma (Myanmar)1948
Burundi1962
Cambodia1955
Cameroon1960
Canada1945
Cape Verde1975
Central African Republic1960
Chad1960
Chile1945
China21945
Colombia1945
Comoros1975
Congo, Rep. of1960
Congo, Dem. Rep. of1960
Costa Rica1945
Cte d'Ivoire1960
Croatia1992
Cuba1945
Cyprus1960
Czech Republic31993
Denmark1945
Djibouti1977
Dominica1978
Dominican Republic1945
East Timor42002
Ecuador1945
Egypt1945
El Salvador1945
Equatorial Guinea1968
Eritrea1993
Estonia1991
Ethiopia1945
Fiji1970
Finland1955
France1945
Gabon1960
Gambia1965
Georgia1992
Germany1973
Ghana1957
Greece1945
Grenada1974
Guatemala1945
Guinea1958
Guinea-Bissau1974
Guyana1966
Haiti1945
Honduras1945
Hungary1955
Iceland1946
India1945
Indonesia1950
Iran1945
Iraq1945
Ireland1955
Israel1949
Italy1955
Jamaica1962
Japan1956
Jordan1955
Kazakhstan1992
Kenya1963
Kiribati1999
Korea, North1991
Korea, South1991
Kuwait1963
Kyrgyzstan1992
Laos1955
Latvia1991
Lebanon1945
Lesotho1966
Liberia1945
Libya1955
Liechtenstein1990
Lithuania1991
Luxembourg1945
Macedonia51993
Madagascar1960
Malawi1964
Malaysia1957
Maldives1965
Mali1960
Malta1964
Marshall Islands1991
Mauritania1961
Mauritius1968
Mexico1945
Micronesia1991
Moldova1992
Monaco1993
Mongolia1961
Montenegro4, 62006
Morocco1956
Mozambique1975
Namibia1990
Nauru1999
Nepal1955
Netherlands1945
New Zealand1945
Nicaragua1945
Niger1960
Nigeria1960
Norway1945
Oman1971
Pakistan1947
Palau1994
Panama1945
Papua New Guinea1975
Paraguay1945
Peru1945
Philippines1945
Poland1945
Portugal1955
Qatar1971
Romania1955
Russia1945
Rwanda1962
St. Kitts and Nevis1983
St. Lucia1979
St. Vincent and the Grenadines1980
Samoa1976
San Marino1992
So Tom and Prncipe1975
Saudi Arabia1945
Senegal1960
Serbia62000
Seychelles1976
Sierra Leone1961
Singapore1965
Slovakia31993
Slovenia1992
Solomon Islands1978
Somalia1960
South Africa1945
South Sudan2011
Spain1955
Sri Lanka1955
Sudan1956
Suriname1975
Swaziland1968
Sweden1946
Switzerland42002
Syria1945
Tajikistan1992
Tanzania1961
Thailand1946
Togo1960
Tonga1999
Trinidad and Tobago1962
Tunisia1956
Turkey1945
Turkmenistan1992
Tuvalu2000
Uganda1962
Ukraine1945
United Arab Emirates1971
United Kingdom1945
United States1945
Uruguay1945
Uzbekistan1992
Vanuatu1981
Venezuela1945
Vietnam1977
Yemen1947
Zambia1964
Zimbabwe1980
1. The UN officially came into existence on Oct. 24, 1945.
2. On Oct. 25, 1971, the UN voted membership to the People's Republic of China, which replaced the Republic of China (Taiwan) in the world body.
3. Czechoslovakia was an original member of the United Nations from Oct. 24, 1945. As of Dec. 31, 1992, it ceased to exist and the Czech Republic and Slovakia as successor states were admitted Jan. 19, 1993.
4. Newest members.
5. The General Assembly on April 8, 1993, decided to admit the state provisionally being referred to as ?The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia? pending settlement of the difference that has arisen over its name.
6. The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was a charter member; after its dissolution, the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was admitted Nov. 1, 2000. On Feb. 4, 2003, the name of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was changed to Serbia and Montenegro; in 2006, Serbia and Montenegro became separate countries.

The structure of the United Nations

The U.N. includes other parts (or organs). There are five that actively meet, including the General Assembly, and one that is mostly defunct.

TheSecretariatis the actual administration of the U.N., led by the elected Secretary General. They handle U.N. operations aside from political decision making.

There is also theEconomic and Social Councilwhich oversees matters of economic and cultural significance. A lot of their work is advised or accomplished throughIndependent U.N. Agencies, like the World Health Organization, the World Bank, and the International Monetary Fund. The Council itself is smaller than the General Assembly.

TheSecurity Councilis responsible for coordinating matters of global safety. The Security Council includes a rotating list of nations from each continent, as well as five permanent members. These five (The United States, the United Kingdom, France, Russia, and China) were the main Allied nations in WWII, and they have retained their roles since then. The permanent members have a special power to veto resolutions. This is especially important as, unlike General Assembly resolutions, Security Council resolutions are usually legally binding. Violating them will result in being tried in court for breaking international law.

Which brings us to the last organ, theInternational Court of Justice. The ICJ, based in the Netherlands, is responsible for trying people who break international law. Most significantly, they try war criminals. Their rulings are considered binding before the eyes of the international community, despite being a supranational organization.

There is a sixth organ, the Trusteeship Council, but it no longer has a role. Trusteeship was a system where the U.N. organized territories that weren't self-governing, with a goal of establishing governments. They succeeded in this goal, and there are no longer any U.N. Trust territories. The council still exists, in case there were to be another trust in the future, but now they meet only as needed.

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